Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für moose im Online-Wörterbuch missopenhair.eu (Deutschwörterbuch). Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Moos" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "moose, elk and deer" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
Moose Englisch Beispiele aus dem Internet (nicht von der PONS Redaktion geprüft)
missopenhair.eu: Ihr Wörterbuch im Internet für Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzungen, mit Forum, Mögliche Grundformen für das Wort "moose". das Moos (Substantiv). Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für moose im Online-Wörterbuch missopenhair.eu (Deutschwörterbuch). missopenhair.eu | Übersetzungen für 'Moose' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Übersetzung für 'moose' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. or Lakes of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Watch moose, bear and eagles in + view more their natural habitat, cook marshmallows on an open fire under the. Übersetzung Deutsch-Englisch für Moos im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "moose, elk and deer" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
or Lakes of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. Watch moose, bear and eagles in + view more their natural habitat, cook marshmallows on an open fire under the.  missopenhair.eu Englisch-Englisches Wörterbuch, Thesaurus und Enzyklopädie „moose“:  missopenhair.eu Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „moose“. Quellen: ↑ Englische. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "moose, elk and deer" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Food Additives Dr Zhivago Contamination, Broadway Wertheim— The earliest known species is Libralces gallicus French moosewhich lived in the Pliocene epochabout 2 million years ago. Anhui musk deer M. Bibcode : ScTEn. In Mongolia and China, where poaching took a great toll on moose, forcing Altered Deutsch to near extinction, they are protected, but enforcement of the policy is weak and demand for traditional Imax Potsdamer Platz derived from deer parts is high. Grey rhebok P. Its antlers consisted of a horizontal bar 2. Add moose to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Family Bovidae subfamily Antilopinae. The word "moose" The Hunter first entered English by  and is borrowed from the Algonquian languages compare the Narragansett moos and Eastern Abenaki mos ; according to early sources, these were likely Sex Spiele Film from moosumeaning "he strips off" and possibly involved Cocktailkleider 2019 from multiple languages mutually reinforcing one another. The street is cleared from snow every day Minami Hamabe wintertime. We are using the following form field to detect spammers. Sunlight permits particularly intensive antibacterial effect breaks down algae, fungi and moss. Bearbeitungszeit: 94 ms. Many companies rely too heavily on financial incentives? Mein Suchverlauf Meine Favoriten. Bioinformatic and biochemical analyses Avatar German Stream that the moss Physcomitrella patens has evolutionarily old and new components of the SRP system, and thus represents Sky Ticket Ps3 intermediate stage in the development from the bacterial transport system to the chloroplast system in higher plants. Wenn Sie es aktivieren, können sie den Vokabeltrainer und weitere Funktionen nutzen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Moos" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen.  missopenhair.eu Englisch-Englisches Wörterbuch, Thesaurus und Enzyklopädie „moose“:  missopenhair.eu Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „moose“. Quellen: ↑ Englische. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Moose“ in Deutsch-Englisch von Reverso Context: Grimmia pulvinata ist eines der häufigsten Moose in Innenstädten.
Moose Englisch "moose" Deutsch ÜbersetzungLangenscheidt Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch moose. The Last Kingdom Trailer early on Max began Steter Tropfen biological specimens such as butterflies, ferns and mossesbut he also treasured coins and stamps, and was also interested in ornithology. Elch, Riesenelch, Europ. Here in central Europe it is one of the most widespread mosses on slightly acid soils in woods. Die überwinterte, fast erwachsene Raupe fand ich wiederholt im April und Mai auf Moos in den erwähnten Habitaten. Sobald sie Anita Höfer den Vokabeltrainer übernommen wurden, sind sie Radio Bundesliga auf anderen Geräten verfügbar.
Moose Englisch Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes VideoOpening Morning 2020 Bull Moose Recovery Riesenelch masculine Maskulinum m moose A. Beispiele für die Übersetzung bryophytes ansehen 10 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. In spaces between them mosses are interspersed. Wollen Sie einen Satz übersetzen? Sunlight permits particularly intensive antibacterial effect breaks down algae, fungi Spoiler moss. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. Wenn Sie Der Letzte Bulle Episodenguide Vokabeln in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen möchten, Monk Stream Sie in der Vokabelliste einfach auf "Vokabeln übertragen".
Get Grammarly. The only correct plural of moose is moose. Sometimes, people add an S to moose , but that is incorrect.
Moose derives from Algonquian, a Native American language. It kept the same plural ending it had in its original language instead of adopting the normal S ending of most English plurals.
When I looked out the window, there were two moose eating my freshly planted rose bush. The meese in Alaska are never very friendly.
My favorite animals are mooses and octopuses. Alces alces. Mammalian Species, Sterling Pub Co Inc.
North American Moose. Toronto: University of Toronto. Retrieved 28 August Water is definitely one of the preferred elements in the habitat of moose.
When feeding on submerged aquatic vegetation they occasionally dive for plants in water over 18 feet deep. Feline Behaviour and Welfare.
Prey preferences of the tiger Panthera tigris. Journal of Zoology, 3 , Brown bear Ursus arctos diet and predation on moose Alces alces calves in the southern taiga zone in Sweden.
Use of ungulates by Yellowstone grizzly bears Ursus arctos. Biological Conservation, 81 1 , Bears: Their Biology and Management. Voyageur Press. Archived from the original on 21 July Retrieved 2 February Canadian Broatcasting Corporation.
Archived from the original on 23 May Retrieved 15 May Wolves in Russia: Anxiety throughout the ages. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises.
Article by Ned Rozell". Luke Hunter. Retrieved 21 June Moose bot fly larvae are common parasites of moose Alces alces in north and central Sweden.
Last year, however, C. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. Bergerud; James-Abra, Erin. The Canadian Encyclopedia.
Retrieved September 1, Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic and civil wars. June Science of the Total Environment. Bibcode : ScTEn.. Cadmium intake of moose hunters in Finland from consumption of moose meat, liver and kidney.
Food Additives and Contamination, 20 , — Environmental Management. Bibcode : EnMan.. Accessed November 6, Archived from the original on 28 September Archived from the original on 23 November Retrieved 11 February Visited Extant Artiodactyla species.
Suborder Ruminantia. Pronghorn A. Okapi O. Northern giraffe G. Anhui musk deer M. Water chevrotain H. Indian spotted chevrotain M.
Java mouse-deer T. Family Cervidae. Indian muntjac M. Tufted deer E. Fallow deer D. Chital A. Barasingha R. Eld's deer P.
Indochinese hog deer H. Sambar R. Red deer C. Moose A. Water deer H. European roe deer C. Reindeer R. Taruca H. Red brocket M.
Pampas deer O. Marsh deer B. White-tailed deer O. Family Bovidae. Abbott's duiker C. Blue duiker P. Common duiker S. Roan antelope H.
East African oryx O. Addax A. Upemba lechwe K. Southern reedbuck R. Impala A. Grey rhebok P. Hirola B. Topi D. Hartebeest A. Black wildebeest C.
Tibetan antelope P. Family Bovidae subfamily Caprinae. Barbary sheep A. Takin B. Wild goat C. Japanese serow C.
Nilgiri tahr H. Red goral N. Mountain goat O. Muskox O. Argali O. Bharal P. Pyrenean chamois R. Family Bovidae subfamily Bovinae.
Four-horned antelope T. Nilgai B. Domestic water buffalo B. Banteng B. Saola P. African buffalo S.
American bison B. Sitatunga T. Common eland T. Family Bovidae subfamily Antilopinae. Dibatag A. Springbok A. Blackbuck A. Mongalla gazelle E.
Mountain gazelle G. Gerenuk L. Dama gazelle N. Mongolian gazelle P. Saiga antelope S. Beira D. Günther's dik-dik M.
Bates' pygmy antelope N. Klipspringer O. Oribi O. Steenbok R. Suborder Suina. Buru babirusa B. Giant forest hog H. Desert warthog P. Pygmy hog P.
Bushpig P. Palawan bearded pig S. White-lipped peccary T. Chacoan peccary C. Collared peccary P. Suborder Tylopoda. Llama L.
Whippomorpha unranked clade. Hippopotamus H. Pygmy hippopotamus C. Game animals and shooting in North America. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history.
Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Alces Gray , Alces alces Linnaeus , Look up moose in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
European elk. No longer present in central and western Europe except for Poland , Lithuania and Belarus , with a certain population in the Czech Republic , Slovakia , and northern Ukraine , but can be observed in Bohemia since the s and a tiny reintroduced population in Scotland , Great Britain ; recently sighted in eastern Germany the range formerly included France , Switzerland , and the Benelux nations.
Population increasing and regaining territory. Shoulder height ranges from 1. Yakutia or Mid-Siberian or Lena elk . Eastern Siberia , Mongolia , and Manchuria.
Mostly found in the forests of eastern Russia. The most common elk subspecies in Asia. Its ranging goes from the Yenisei River in the west and most of Siberia.
Its range excludes the ranges of the Chukotka and Ussuri elk to the east and northern Mongolia. Similar in size to the western moose of Canada.
Ussuri or Amur or Manchurian elk  . Ranges from the Amur - Ussuri region of far eastern Russia, as well as the northeastern part of China.
Ussuri elk are different from other elk subspecies in that their antler size is much smaller, or they lack antlers entirely.
Even adult bulls' antlers are small and cervine, with little palmation. It is the smallest elk subspecies in both Asia and the world, with both males and females standing only 1.
Chukotka elk or East Siberian elk . Ranges from northeastern Siberia from the Alazeya River basin east to the Kolyma and Anadyr basins and south through the Koryak range and the Kamchatka Peninsula.
The largest elk in Europe and Asia. Matches, and maybe even surpasses, the Alaskan moose A. Males can grow up to 2. Eastern moose. Population increasing.
Western moose. Alaskan moose. Alaska and western Yukon. The largest subspecies in North America , mass cited below. Shiras' moose or Yellowstone moose.
The Caucasus Mountains. Extinct due to habitat loss and overhunting. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alces alces. Wikispecies has information related to Alces alces.
Okapia Okapi O. Moschus Anhui musk deer M. Hyemoschus Water chevrotain H. Large family listed below. For this reason it is futile to hunt moose in very cold weather because the frigid air conveys every sound for miles.
Two natural cycles involve the wolf and 2 species of deer, the reindeer and the elk moose , respectively. When pulmonary infections in moose are massive, crowding or other factors may induce degenerative changes in the metacestodes.
That moose would have been highly vulnerable to predation, but wolves were not present in the area, and domestic dogs rarely, if ever, attack adult moose.
Field isolates of lungworms from moose and roe deer were recently examined and compared with those from cattle. Farther inland, moose no doubt served as a source of infection of sled-dogs.
Moose frequently turn their heads to listen because their hearing is more acute than their sense of smell. He asks it while watching the men in the village who no longer run traplines at all, who no longer hunt moose in the fall or net salmon come summer.
I call that the " moose licence" approach to online services. From the Hansard archive. Example from the Hansard archive. Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the Open Parliament Licence v3.
He said that he would speak only if he were provided with moose and pemmican. In this country we do not have large beasts such as moose or kangaroos.
This applies also to moose. From Europarl Parallel Corpus - English. Translations of moose in Chinese Traditional. Need a translator?
Translator tool. What is the pronunciation of moose? Browse moorhen.
Moose have been hunted by humans since the Stone Age. Because of their dark coloured fur, moose are hard to see when they are crossing roads at night.
They are sometimes hit by cars. In some countries like Canada, Finland and Sweden there are moose warning signs on roads and motorways are fenced.
Media related to Alces alces at Wikimedia Commons. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the other deer species called elk, see Wapiti. Conservation status. Linnaeus , Version International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Retrieved 11 February Retrieved Feline Behaviour and Welfare. Retrieved on Schwartz and Albert W. Franzmann Bears: their biology and management.
Baird; Robin W. Baird Killer whales of the world: natural history and conservation. Voyageur Press.
Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history. Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Alces Gray , Alces alces Linnaeus , This massive range, containing diverse habitats, contains four of the six North American subspecies.
In the West, moose populations extend well north into Canada British Columbia and Alberta , and more isolated groups have been verified as far south as the mountains of Utah and Colorado and as far west as the Lake Wenatchee area of the Washington Cascades.
In northeastern North America, the Eastern moose 's history is very well documented: moose meat was often a staple in the diet of Native Americans going back centuries, with a tribe that occupied present day coastal Rhode Island giving the animal its distinctive name, adopted into American English.
The Native Americans often used moose hides for leather and its meat as an ingredient in pemmican , a type of dried jerky used as a source of sustenance in winter or on long journeys.
The historical range of the subspecies extended from well into Quebec, the Maritimes, and Eastern Ontario south to include all of New England finally ending in the very northeastern tip of Pennsylvania in the west, cutting off somewhere near the mouth of the Hudson River in the south.
The moose has been extinct in much of the eastern U. Since the s, however, moose populations have rebounded, thanks to regrowth of plentiful food sources,  abandonment of farmland, better land management, clean-up of pollution, and natural dispersal from the Canadian Maritimes and Quebec.
South of the Canada—US border, Maine has most of the population with a headcount of about 76, moose. In Massachusetts , moose had gone extinct by , but re-colonized the state in the s, with the population expanding from Vermont and New Hampshire; by , the population was estimated at — In the Midwest U.
Moose were successfully introduced on Newfoundland in and ,  where they are now the dominant ungulate , and somewhat less successfully on Anticosti Island in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
Since the s, moose populations have declined dramatically in much of temperate North America, although they remain stable in Arctic and subarctic regions.
The moose population in New Hampshire fell from 7, in the early s to a current [ when? Moose with heavy tick infections will rub their fur down to the skin raw trying to get the ticks off, making them look white when their outer coat rubs off.
Locals call them ghost moose. In Europe , moose are currently found in large numbers throughout Norway , Sweden , Finland , Latvia , Estonia , Poland , with more modest numbers in the southern Czech Republic , Belarus and northern Ukraine.
They are also widespread through Russia on up through the borders with Finland south towards the border with Estonia, Belarus and Ukraine and stretching far away eastwards to the Yenisei River in Siberia.
The European moose was native to most temperate areas with suitable habitat on the continent and even Scotland from the end of the last Ice Age, as Europe had a mix of temperate boreal and deciduous forest.
Up through Classical times, the species was certainly thriving in both Gaul and Magna Germania , as it appears in military and hunting accounts of the age.
However, as the Roman era faded into medieval times, the beast slowly disappeared: soon after the reign of Charlemagne , the moose disappeared from France , where its range extended from Normandy in the north to the Pyrenees in the south.
Farther east, it survived in Alsace and the Netherlands until the 9th century as the marshlands in the latter were drained and the forests were cleared away for feudal lands in the former.
It was gone from Switzerland by the year , from the western Czech Republic by , from Mecklenburg in Germany by c. By the early 20th century, the last strongholds of the European moose appeared to be in Fennoscandian areas and patchy tracts of Russia, with a few migrants found in what is now Estonia and Lithuania.
The USSR and Poland managed to restore portions of the range within its borders such as the reintroduction into Kampinos National Park and the later reintroduction in Belarus , but political complications limited the ability to reintroduce it to other portions of its range.
Attempts in and again in in marshland north of Berlin were unsuccessful. It has migrated into other parts of Eastern Europe and has been spotted in eastern and southern Germany.
In , two moose were reintroduced into the Scottish Highlands   in Alladale Wilderness Reserve. The East Asian moose populations confine themselves mostly to the territory of Russia , with much smaller populations in Mongolia and Northeastern China.
Moose populations are relatively stable in Siberia and increasing on the Kamchatka Peninsula. In Mongolia and China, where poaching took a great toll on moose, forcing them to near extinction, they are protected, but enforcement of the policy is weak and demand for traditional medicines derived from deer parts is high.
These moose were brought from Chukotka , home to the largest moose on the planet. Kamchatka now regularly is responsible for the largest trophy moose shot around the world each season.
As it is a fertile environment for moose, with a milder climate, less snow, and an abundance of food, moose quickly bred and settled along the valley of the Kamchatka River and many surrounding regions.
The population in the past 20 years has risen to over 2, animals. The size of the moose varies. Following Bergmann's rule , population in the south A.
In , an attempt to introduce moose into the Hokitika area failed; then in ten moose four bulls and six cows were introduced into Fiordland.
This area is considered a less than suitable habitat, and subsequent low numbers of sightings and kills have led to some presumption of this population's failure.
There has been extensive searching, and while automated cameras failed to capture photographs, evidence was seen of bedding spots, browsing, and antler marks.
Bull moose have antlers like other members of the deer family. Cows select mates based on antler size. Bull moose use dominant displays of antlers to discourage competition and will spar or fight rivals.
The male's antlers grow as cylindrical beams projecting on each side of the head at right angles to the midline of the skull, and then fork.
The lower prong of this fork may be either simple, or divided into two or three tines, with some flattening.
Most moose have antlers that are broad and palmate flat with tines points along the outer edge. Within the ecologic range of the moose in Europe, those in northerly locales display the palmate pattern of antlers, while the antlers of European moose over the southerly portion of its range are typically of the cervina dendritic pattern and comparatively small, perhaps due to evolutionary pressures of hunting by humans, who prize the large palmate antlers.
European moose with antlers intermediate between the palmate and the dendritic form are found in the middle of the north-south range.
By the age of 13, moose antlers decline in size and symmetry. Antler beam diameter, not the number of tines, indicates age. Eurasian moose antlers resemble a seashell, with a single lobe on each side.
In the common moose A. There is, however, a Scandinavian breed of the common moose in which the antlers are simpler and recall those of the East Siberian animals.
The palmation appears to be more marked in North American moose than in the typical Scandinavian moose. After the mating season males drop their antlers to conserve energy for the winter.
A new set of antlers will then regrow in the spring. Antlers take three to five months to fully develop, making them one of the fastest growing animal organs.
Antler growth is "nourished by an extensive system of blood vessels in the skin covering, which contains numerous hair follicles that give it a 'velvet' texture.
By September the velvet is removed by rubbing and thrashing which changes the colour of the antlers.
Immature bulls may not shed their antlers for the winter, but retain them until the following spring. Birds, carnivores and rodents eat dropped antlers as they are full of protein and moose themselves will eat antler velvet for the nutrients.
If a bull moose is castrated , either by accidental or chemical means , he will quickly shed his current set of antlers and then immediately begin to grow a new set of misshapen and deformed antlers that he will wear the rest of his life without ever shedding again.
The distinctive-looking appendages often referred to as "devil's antlers" are the source of several myths and legends among many groups of Inuit as well as several other tribes of indigenous peoples of North America.
In extremely rare circumstances, a cow moose may grow antlers. This is usually attributed to a hormone imbalance.
The moose proboscis is distinctive among the living cervids due to its large size; it also features nares that can be sealed shut when the moose is browsing aquatic vegetation.
The moose proboscis likely evolved as an adaptation to aquatic browsing, with loss of the rhinarium , and development of a superior olfactory column separate from an inferior respiratory column.
As with all members of the order Artiodactyla even-toed ungulates , moose feet have two large keratinized hooves corresponding to the third and fourth toe, with two small posterolateral dewclaws vestigial digits , corresponding to the second and fifth toe.
The hoof of the fourth digit is broader than that of the third digit, while the inner hoof of the third digit is longer than that of the fourth digit.
This foot configuration may favor striding on soft ground. The body weight per footprint surface area of the moose foot is intermediate between that of the pronghorn foot, which have stiff feet lacking dewclaws—optimized for high-speed running and the caribou foot which are more rounded with large dewclaws, optimized for walking in deep snow.
The moose's body weight per surface area of footprint is about twice that of the caribou's. On firm ground, a bull moose leaves a visible impression of the dewclaws in its footprint, while a cow moose or calf does not leave a dewclaw impression.
On soft ground or mud, bull, cow, and calf footprints may all show dewclaw impressions. Their fur consist of two layers; top layer of long guard hairs and a soft wooly undercoat.
The guard hairs are hollow and filled with air for better insulation, which also helps them stay afloat when swimming. Both male and female moose have a dewlap or bell,  which is a fold of skin under the chin.
Its exact use is unknown, but theories state that it might be used in mating, as a visual and olfactory signal, or as a dominance signal by males, as are the antlers.
On average, an adult moose stands 1. The moose is a browsing herbivore and is capable of consuming many types of plant or fruit.
These plants are rather low in sodium, and moose generally need to consume a good quantity of aquatic plants. While much lower in energy, aquatic plants provide the moose with its sodium requirements, and as much as half of their diet usually consists of aquatic plant life.
Moose lack upper front teeth , but have eight sharp incisors on the lower jaw. They also have a tough tongue, lips and gums, which aid in the eating of woody vegetation.
Moose have six pairs of large, flat molars and, ahead of those, six pairs of premolars, to grind up their food. A moose's upper lip is very sensitive, to help distinguish between fresh shoots and harder twigs, and is prehensile , for grasping their food.
In the summer, moose may use this prehensile lip for grabbing branches and pulling, stripping the entire branch of leaves in a single mouthful, or for pulling forbs, like dandelions , or aquatic plants up by the base, roots and all.
For larger trees a moose may stand erect and walk upright on its hind legs, allowing it to reach branches up to 4. Moose also eat many aquatic plants, including lilies and pondweed.
This trait serves a second purpose in cooling down the moose on summer days and ridding itself of black flies. Moose are thus attracted to marshes and river banks during warmer months as both provide suitable vegetation to eat and water to wet themselves in.
Moose have been known to dive over 18 feet 5. Moose are the only deer that are capable of feeding underwater. Moose are not grazing animals but browsers concentrate selectors.
Like giraffes , moose carefully select foods with less fiber and more concentrations of nutrients. Thus, the moose's digestive system has evolved to accommodate this relatively low-fiber diet.
Unlike most hooved, domesticated animals ruminants , moose cannot digest hay , and feeding it to a moose can be fatal. A full-grown moose has few enemies except Siberian tigers Panthera tigris altaica which regularly prey on adult moose,    but a pack of gray wolves Canis lupus can still pose a threat, especially to females with calves.
However, brown bears are more likely to take over a wolf kill or to take young moose than to hunt adult moose on their own.
In some areas, moose are the primary source of food for wolves. Moose usually flee upon detecting wolves. Attacks from wolves against young moose may last seconds, though sometimes they can be drawn out for days with adults.
Sometimes, wolves will chase moose into shallow streams or onto frozen rivers, where their mobility is greatly impeded. Moose will sometimes stand their ground and defend themselves by charging at the wolves or lashing out at them with their powerful hooves.
Wolves typically kill moose by tearing at their haunches and perineum , causing massive blood loss. Occasionally, a wolf may immobilise a moose by biting its sensitive nose, the pain of which can paralyze a moose.
Moose between the ages of two and eight are seldom killed by wolves. Research into moose predation suggests that their response to perceived threats is learned rather than instinctual.
In practical terms this means moose are more vulnerable in areas where wolf or bear populations were decimated in the past but are now rebounding.
These same studies suggest, however, that moose learn quickly and adapt, fleeing an area if they hear or smell wolves, bears, or scavenger birds such as ravens.
Moose are also subject to various diseases and forms of parasitism. In northern Europe, the moose botfly is a parasite whose range seems to be spreading.
Moose are mostly diurnal. They are generally solitary with the strongest bonds between mother and calf. Although moose rarely gather in groups, there may be several in close proximity during the mating season.
Rutting and mating occurs in September and October. During the rut , mature bulls will cease feeding completely for a period of approximately two weeks; this fasting behavior has been attributed to neurophysiological changes related to redeployment of olfaction for detection of moose urine and moose cows.
During this time both sexes will call to each other. Males produce heavy grunting sounds that can be heard from up to meters away, while females produce wail-like sounds.
Initially, the males assess which of them is dominant and one bull may retreat, however, the interaction can escalate to a fight using their antlers.
Female moose have an eight-month gestation period, usually bearing one calf, or twins if food is plentiful,  in May or June.
The young will stay with the mother until just before the next young are born. The life span of an average moose is about 15—25 years.
Moose populations are stable at 25 calves for every cows at 1 year of age. With availability of adequate nutrition, mild weather, and low predation, moose have a huge potential for population expansion.
Moose are not usually aggressive towards humans, but can be provoked or frightened to behave with aggression.
In terms of raw numbers, they attack more people than bears and wolves combined, but usually with only minor consequences. In the Americas, moose injure more people than any other wild mammal, and worldwide, only hippopotamuses injure more.
Also, as with bears or any wild animal, moose that have become used to being fed by people may act aggressively when denied food.
During the fall mating season, bulls may be aggressive toward humans because of the high hormone levels they experience.
Cows with young calves are very protective and will attack humans who come too close, especially if they come between mother and calf.
Unlike other dangerous animals, moose are not territorial, and do not view humans as food, and will therefore usually not pursue humans if they simply run away.
Like any wild animal, moose are unpredictable. They are most likely to attack if annoyed or harassed, or if approached too closely.
A moose that has been harassed may vent its anger on anyone in the vicinity, and they often do not make distinctions between their tormentors and innocent passers-by.
Unlike other large, hooved mammals, such as horses, moose can kick in all directions including sideways.
Therefore, there is no safe side from which to approach. However, moose often give warning signs prior to attacking, displaying their aggression by means of body language.
Maintained eye contact is usually the first sign of aggression, while laid-back ears or a lowered head is a definite sign of agitation. If the hairs on the back of the moose's neck and shoulders hackles stand up, a charge is usually imminent.
The Anchorage Visitor Centers warn tourists that " Studies suggest that the calls made by female moose during the rut not only call the males but can actually induce a bull to invade another bull's harem and fight for control of it.
This in turn means that the cow moose has at least a small degree of control over which bulls she mates with. Moose often show aggression to other animals as well; especially predators.
Bears are common predators of moose calves and, rarely, adults. Alaskan moose have been reported to successfully fend off attacks from both black and brown bears.
Moose have been known to stomp attacking wolves, which makes them less preferred as prey to the wolves.
Moose are fully capable of killing bears and wolves. A moose of either sex that is confronted by danger may let out a loud roar, more resembling that of a predator than a prey animal.
European moose are often more aggressive than North American moose, such as the moose in Sweden, which often become very agitated at the sight of a predator.
However, like all ungulates known to attack predators, the more aggressive individuals are always darker in color.
European rock drawings and cave paintings reveal that moose have been hunted since the Stone Age. In northern Scandinavia one can still find remains of trapping pits used for hunting moose.
They would have had steep sides lined with planks, making it impossible for the moose to escape once it fell in. The pits are normally found in large groups, crossing the moose's regular paths and stretching over several km.
Remains of wooden fences designed to guide the animals toward the pits have been found in bogs and peat. Trapping elk in pits is an extremely effective hunting method.
The earliest recorded description of the moose is in Julius Caesar 's Commentarii de Bello Gallico , where it is described thus:. There are also [animals], which are called moose.
The shape of these, and the varied color of their skins, is much like roes, but in size they surpass them a little and are destitute of horns, and have legs without joints and ligatures; nor do they lie down for the purpose of rest, nor, if they have been thrown down by any accident, can they raise or lift themselves up.
Trees serve as beds to them; they lean themselves against them, and thus reclining only slightly, they take their rest; when the huntsmen have discovered from the footsteps of these animals whither they are accustomed to betake themselves, they either undermine all the trees at the roots, or cut into them so far that the upper part of the trees may appear to be left standing.
When they have leant upon them, according to their habit, they knock down by their weight the unsupported trees, and fall down themselves along with them.
There is also the achlis, which is produced in the land of Scandinavia; it has never been seen in this city, although we have had descriptions of it from many persons; it is not unlike the moose, but has no joints in the hind leg.
Hence, it never lies down, but reclines against a tree while it sleeps; it can only be taken by previously cutting into the tree, and thus laying a trap for it, as otherwise, it would escape through its swiftness.
Its upper lip is so extremely large, for which reason it is obliged to go backwards when grazing; otherwise, by moving onwards, the lip would get doubled up.
Moose are hunted as a game species in many of the countries where they are found. Moose meat tastes, wrote Henry David Thoreau in "The Maine Woods", "like tender beef, with perhaps more flavour; sometimes like veal ".
While the flesh has protein levels similar to those of other comparable red meats e. In Sweden, no fall menu is without a mouthwatering moose dish.
The Swedes fence their highways to reduce moose fatalities and design moose-proof cars. Sweden is less than half as large as the Canadian province of British Columbia, but the annual take of moose in Sweden—upward of ,—is twice that of the total moose harvest in North America.
Boosting moose populations in Alaska for hunting purposes is one of the reasons given for allowing aerial or airborne methods to remove wolves in designated areas, e.
This is because studies have shown [ citation needed ] that when these game populations are artificially boosted, it leads to both habitat destruction and a crash in these populations.
Cadmium levels are high in Finnish elk liver and kidneys , with the result that consumption of these organs from elk more than one year old is prohibited in Finland.
Levels of cadmium were found to be considerably higher than in Scandinavia. Cadmium intake has been found to be elevated amongst all consumers of elk meat, though the elk meat was found to contribute only slightly to the daily cadmium intake.
However the consumption of moose liver or kidneys significantly increased cadmium intake, with the study revealing that heavy consumers of moose organs have a relatively narrow safety margin below the levels which would probably cause adverse health effects.
The center of mass of a moose is above the hood of most passenger cars. In a collision, the impact crushes the front roof beams and individuals in the front seats.
Moose collisions have prompted the development of a vehicle test referred to as the " moose test " Swedish : Älgtest , German : Elchtest.
Moose warning signs are used on roads in regions where there is a danger of collision with the animal.
The triangular warning signs common in Sweden, Norway, and Finland have become coveted souvenirs among tourists traveling in these countries, causing road authorities so much expense that the moose signs have been replaced with imageless generic warning signs in some regions.
In Ontario, Canada, an estimated moose die each year as a result of collision with trains. Moose—train collisions were more frequent in winters with above-average snowfall.
The state agency in charge of railroad infrastructure Jernbaneverket plans to spend 80 million Norwegian kroner to reduce collision rate in the future by fencing the railways, clearing vegetation from near the tracks, and providing alternative snow-free feeding places for the animals elsewhere.
In the Canadian province of New Brunswick , collisions between automobiles and moose are frequent enough that all new highways have fences to prevent moose from accessing the road, as has long been done in Finland, Norway, and Sweden.
An electronic "moose detection system" was installed on two sections of the Trans-Canada Highway in Newfoundland in , but the system proved unreliable and was removed in In Sweden, a road will not be fenced unless it experiences at least one moose accident per km per year.
In eastern Germany, where the scarce population is slowly increasing, there were two road accidents involving moose since Early experiments were inconclusive, but with the creation of a moose farm at Pechora-Ilych Nature Reserve in , a small-scale moose domestication program was started, involving attempts at selective breeding of animals on the basis of their behavioural characteristics.
Since , the program has continued at Kostroma Moose Farm , which had a herd of 33 tame moose as of Although at this stage the farm is not expected to be a profit-making enterprise, it obtains some income from the sale of moose milk and from visiting tourist groups.
Its main value, however, is seen in the opportunities it offers for the research in the physiology and behavior of the moose, as well as in the insights it provides into the general principles of animal domestication.
In Sweden, there was a debate in the late 18th century about the national value of using the moose as a domestic animal.
Among other things, the moose was proposed to be used in postal distribution, and there was a suggestion to develop a moose-mounted cavalry.
Such proposals remained unimplemented, mainly because the extensive hunting for moose that was deregulated in the s nearly drove it to extinction.
Moose are an old genus. Like its relatives, Odocoileus and Capreolus , the genus Alces gave rise to very few species that endured for long periods of time.
This differs from the Megacerines , such as the Irish elk , which evolved many species before going extinct. Some scientists, such as Adrian Lister, grouped all the species into one genus, while others, such as Augusto Azzaroli, used Alces for the living species, placing the fossil species into the genera Cervalces and Libralces.
The earliest known species is Libralces gallicus French moose , which lived in the Pliocene epoch , about 2 million years ago. Libralces gallicus came from the warm savannas of Pliocene Europe, with the best-preserved skeletons being found in southern France.
It had a longer, narrower snout and a less-developed nasal cavity, more resembling that of a modern deer, lacking any sign of the modern moose-snout.
Its face resembled that of the modern wapiti. However, the rest of its skull structure, skeletal structure and teeth bore strong resemblance to those features that are unmistakable in modern moose, indicating a similar diet.
Its antlers consisted of a horizontal bar 2. Its skull and neck structure suggest an animal that fought using high-speed impacts, much like the Dall sheep , rather than locking and twisting antlers the way modern moose combat.
Their long legs and bone structure suggest an animal that was adapted to running at high speeds over rough terrain. Libralces existed until the middle Pleistocene epoch and were followed briefly by a species called Cervalces carnutorum.
The main differences between the two consisted of shortening of the horizontal bar in the antlers and broadening of the palmations, indicating a likely change from open plains to more forested environments, and skeletal changes that suggest an adaptation to marshy environments.
Cervalces carnutorum was soon followed by a much larger species called Cervalces latifrons broad-fronted stag-moose.
The Pleistocene epoch was a time of gigantism , in which most species were much larger than their descendants of today, including exceptionally large lions, hippopotamuses, mammoths, and deer.
Many fossils of Cervalces latifrons have been found in Siberia, dating from about 1. This is most likely the time at which the species migrated from the Eurasian continent to North America.
Like its descendants, it inhabited mostly northern latitudes, and was probably well-adapted to the cold. Cervalces latifrons was the largest deer known to have ever existed, standing more than 2.
This is bigger than even the Irish elk megacerine , which was 1. Its antlers were smaller than the Irish elk's, but comparable in size to those of Libralces gallicus.
However, the antlers had a shorter horizontal bar and larger palmations, more resembling those of a modern moose. Alces alces the modern moose appeared during the late Pleistocene epoch.
The species arrived in North America at the end of the Pleistocene and coexisted with a late-surviving variety or relative of Cervalces latifrons , which Azzaroli classified as a separate species called Cervalces scotti , or the American stag-moose.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the political party, see Progressive Party United States, For other uses, see Alces disambiguation and Moose disambiguation.
A genus of mammals belonging to the deer, muntjac, roe deer, reindeer, and moose family of ruminants. Temporal range: Early Pleistocene to Recent  .
Conservation status. Linnaeus , This fenced-in area is part of a long-term research project to examine the effects of moose browsing on plant biodiversity.
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